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Amphetamine was first synthesised in 1887, and was used in the 1930s to treat asthma. Today, amphetamines and amphetamine derivatives are used in the treatment of narcolepsy (a sleep disorder) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

"In 1935 a study of the effects of amphetamine in hospital workers found that the most commonly reported effects were a sense of wellbeing and exhilaration, and reduced fatigue, while during World War II amphetamine was extensively used to combat fatigue and increase alertness in soldiers."

Bernard M. Baruch

Research evidence suggests that the best approaches to treat dependence on methamphetamine are structured psychological and behavioural therapies (e.g. cognitive-behavioural therapy and contingency management). These approaches are usually provided by psychologists and are not available through all treatment services.

Pharmacotherapies

There is no approved pharmacological treatment but the need to develop safe and effective medications is well recognised, and research to date suggests substitution agonist therapies (as for nicotine and opioid dependence) are most promising for those with severe addiction. Lisdexamfetamine is a prodrug of dexamphetamine (converted to dexamphetamine in the body after oral dosing) with lower abuse potential (misuse and diversion) than other stimulants.

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  • Joeby Ragpa July 3, 2018 at 12:48 pm

    Several toxic reactions can follow the use of methamphetamines. Methamphetamine toxicity is often called methamphetamine overdose, but it can occur with relatively small doses, especially in combination with other drugs or when there are pre-existing medical conditions.

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